My daughter and I were walking in downtown Oklahoma City last night.
I was marveling at how far my city has come.
We walked by the glimmering Devon Tower, Oklahoma’s tallest building at 52 stories. Next, we walked by the arena where the Oklahoma City Thunder, our pro basketball team, plays. And also through the downtown park where we saw our new light rail train pass by.
Oklahoma City had none of these when I first arrived in 1992. I’ve been an enthusiastic real estate investor in the Oklahoma City market since 1996. In this article, I want to share with you why I continue to add to my real estate investment portfolio. And, why it’s at the top of the list for many out-of-state investors, especial California real estate investors.
What is the Oklahoma City Metro Area?
The Oklahoma City metro area is 6,359 square miles, which is one of the largest geographic areas in the US of any metropolitan area. As you can see below it includes Oklahoma City, Bethany, Midwest City, Del City, Edmond, Moore, Yukon, Mustang, Choctaw, Warr Acres, and Norman.
Oklahoma City Metro Population
As of 2015, the population of Oklahoma City metro area was 1.4 million. The population of Oklahoma City was 643,648 as of 2017. The population of Oklahoma City grew 11,274 between the middle of 2015 and the middle of 2016 (1.7%).
If you want a detailed account of the history, geography, demographics, etc., the Wikipedia article is excellent.
Oklahoma City Metro Area Economy
One often stated myth about the Oklahoma City metro area economy is that it is overly dependent upon the oil and gas business. Granted, it was that over-dependence that caused the economy to crater in the early 1980’s.
But a closer look at the real data tells a different story.
As you can see below, one fifth of the jobs in the Oklahoma City metro are government jobs. The four top employers in the area include the State of Oklahoma, Tinker Air Force Base, The University of Oklahoma, and the Federal Aviation Administration. All four of these are part of the government sector.
The pie graph below shows an economy that is well balanced, without over-dependence on one sector or another.
Non-farm payroll jobs in Oklahoma City metro area by sector. Based on 12-month average through March 2016. Source: Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, US Department of Housing and Urban Development, data from US Bureau of Labor Statistics.
According to The Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, the economy expanded throughout most of the 2000’s.
Annual job growth varied from 0.1% to 2.3%, and only declined 1.5% during the housing crash of 2009-2010.
The graph below shows that the largest gains in jobs were in mining, logging, and construction. As you might expect, the biggest gains (65%) were due to job growth as a result of big oil and gas players like Oklahoma City based Devon Energy, Chesapeake Energy, and Continental Resources.
The $1.5 billion Metropolitan Area Projects (MAPS) included many local construction projects. That included construction of the basketball arena to host the NBA Oklahoma City Thunder, a baseball stadium and canal in Bricktown, and many other projects around the city. I’ll talk more about how the MAPS has effected quality of living below.
There were also 40% gains in both education and health services and leisure and hospitality.
There are too many hospitals and clinics in the Oklahoma City metro to count. I tried. Predictably, this increase mirrors the national trend. Job growth in leisure and hospitality were aided by the popularity of the Oklahoma City Thunder, expansion of hotels, and the myriad of event that occur in the area from college athletics to horse shows.
On the other hand, the largest job losses were from the information industry (40%+) followed closely by manufacturing (28%). These job losses occurred mostly during the economic downturn of 2009 and 2010, mirroring the national trend.
Sector growth in Oklahoma City metro area between 2000 and 2016. Source: Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, US Department of Housing and Urban Development, data from US Bureau of Labor Statistics.
During the stable economic period during the 2000’s, the unemployment of the Oklahoma City metro area was 4.0%, compared to the national average of 5.1%.
Oklahoma City Metro Area Housing Market
Oklahoma City Metro Area Home Sales
Median home sales prices in the Oklahoma City metro area have been on a nice increasing trend since the housing crash of 2009-2010. The trend line suggests about a 4% appreciation rate during that time.
Median Sales price in Oklahoma City metro area, 2006 to 2019. Source: MLSOK.
The housing market is stable. According to the comprehensive Housing Market Analysis, 3.1% of homes in the Oklahoma City metro area were seriously delinquent (90 days or more or in foreclosure), or had transitioned to into bank owned (REO) status. That compares to a national average of 6.6% during the same period (“Mortgage Delinquency Rates hit Lowest Level since Financial Crisis, Forbes.com).
Oklahoma City Metro Area Rental Property Statistics
According to departmentofnumbers.com, the percentage of renters in the OKC metro area in 2017 (36.5%, down -0.2% from the prior year) is in line with national averages (36.1%, down -0.7% from the prior year).
Median rent for the OKC metro area in 2017 was $851 per month, up 4.7% from the prior year. That compares to a national average of $1,012, up 1.6% from the prior year.
The average vacancy rate in the OKC metro area in 2017 was 8.5%, the same as last year. That compares to a national average of 6.2%, up 0.3% from the prior year.
Rent as a fraction of income in 2017 was 18.1% in the OKC metro, up 0.7% from the prior year. That compares to a national average of 20%, down 0.3% from the prior year.
Why Oklahoma City Metro Rental Real Estate as an Investment Makes Sense
It’s definitely possible to find properties that make sense from a long-term investing standpoint in the Oklahoma City metro real estate market. As long as you make good choices up front, you can find properties that will produce a positive cash flow. There is an excellent real estate financial calculator you should obtain to help guide your decision making.
#1. Overall Growth and Stability of the Real Estate Market
It’s clear the economy of the Oklahoma City metro area is on solid footing. This has supported the growth of the housing market.
To summary the points from above:
- The Oklahoma City metro economy is diversified over many sectors.
- The population is experiencing steady growth.
- Unemployment (4%) is below the national average.
- Real estate values are experiencing slow steady appreciation, at an approximate annual rate of 4%.
- Rents are increasing, keeping pace with the increasing price of real estate.
- The rental housing market is fairly tight, with an average vacancy rate of 8.5% last year.
#2. Quality of Life Improvements
In the 1991, Oklahoma City lost the opportunity to bring a United Airlines maintenance facility to Oklahoma City. The decision not to bring that facility, according the United, was based mostly upon quality of living in Oklahoma City at that time. That loss was all the motivation the city leaders needed at that time for the beginning of the MAPS. In addition to what’s mentioned above, it brought the revitalization to Bricktown, Automobile Alley, the Downtown area, and a whole host of other improvements to the city.
After all, why would a business want to be in a community where its employees don’t want to be?
Since the 1990’s Oklahoma City has changed it’s trajectory from a city without much going on, to place I’m proud to call home. And, more and more employers and their employees share the same sentiments.
I could go on and on, but I’ll let you search out additional information if you want:
#3. Rental Rates versus Sales Price
The reason you are reading this article is to find out if you can get a good enough cash flow for the money you would invest in an Oklahoma City metro area property.
I don’t want to get too much into the weeds on this topic, so I’ll keep it short.
I’ve noticed their are two basic types of properties that my out of state clients who invest in single family homes prefer:
- Newer Homes in nice neighborhoods. These are homes no more than 30-years old. They are located in nice areas such as Edmond or the newer housing additions with well-regarded schools. For the most part, the owners are aiming for a property in which the gross monthly rent is at least 1% of the total investment. Because they are newer homes, the cost of maintenance is less. There should also be fewer tenant issues.
- Older Homes in BC (as in A-F grading system) neighborhoods. These houses are generally more than 30-years old. They are located in more blue-collar areas. Some of these are section 8 properties. In these cases, the owners are aiming for properties in which the gross monthly rent is 1.5% to 2% of the total investment for the property.
These types of goals are just not achievable in many metropolitan markets throughout the US.
If you would like to see some current, available properties, give me a call, or fill out the form below the article.
#4. Oklahoma is a Pro-Landlord State.
Most of the time, I represent my company in eviction court. For an experienced landlord or property manager who is following landlord tenant law, eviction court is a cake walk.
If I want to evict a tenant for a lease violation or non-payment of rent, there is a five-day notice period. After that, I can file for a court date. That is usually a seven-day process.
Once the landlord or property manager has the court-issued judgment (same day as court), the tenant has 48-hours to vacate or they can be locked out.
I am not aware of neighborhoods in the Oklahoma City metro area that have some type of rent control.
#5. Strong Rental Demand
As stated above, the average rental property vacancy rate for the OKC metro area in 2017 was 8.5%.
As a result of this demand, 2,000-3,000 permitted multifamily units were built each year between 2012 and 2016 in the OKC metro area.
I would point to several factors that drive the demand in the two types of properties discussed in item #3:
- Newer Homes in nice neighborhoods. There is a continuing influx of workers into the area, and families that improve their economic position. They seek out these desirable rental properties. Credit standards are still tight, and interest rates are on the rise. These factors prevent these same people from buying instead of renting.
- Older Homes in BC neighborhoods. There is not much of this type of new housing stock being built. The exception to that is some one- and two-bedroom apartments, but for the most part, the newer ones are not aimed at low-income tenants.
And, here are some other articles about investing in Oklahoma City rental real estate.